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Different Types of Electric Sanders for Woodworking

Type of Electric Sanders For Woodworking


The sander is an undoubtedly an invaluable power equipment that is utilized when smoothing surfaces with sandpaper. These types of equipment are immensely efficient and effective since they come with features that allow for convenient attaching of the sandpaper to a rapidly rotating unit for optimal results. It is an ingenious solution for saving time and producing superior grade results on any given woodwork project. There are various types of sanders available out there on the market and having some insight into some of the common types has its inherent benefits.

Disc Sanders

Disc Sanders

The disc sanders are usable as a non-moving unit that comprises of detachable circular shaped sandpaper that integrates into the wheel by using an electric motor. The work-piece is then positioned on the front bench such that it can be customized at various angles. In some cases, the disc sander comprises a unique pad is used supporting elements for a circular shaped portion of rough sandpaper. The outer pad comes with large washers and bolts that can be driven to the central section of the disc or perhaps by using a sticky substance that is used to hold the sandpaper in position. The most prevalent disk sander used by woodworks and the DIYs comprises of a unique sanding disk attachment; that goes into the standard electric drill.

The complication with this type of setup us that the conventional electric drill fails to rotate at the sufficient speeds that are ideal for woodworking activities. Furthermore, a sanding disk attachment can easily burn out the bearing of the drill since many drills lack the functionality for twisting or side thrust power that is typical with electric sanders. Woodworkers are recommended to avoid using disc sanders on furniture, cabinets, doors and flat wood trims because it tends to be harder to control on flat surfaces. Furthermore, disc sanders have the tendency of digging into the wood and creating twists and circular holes on flat holes.

Orbital Sanders

Orbital Sanders

The orbital sander features an abrasive and circular pad that rotates in a circular motion. The orbital sanders can be used to sand wood in any directions and offer enhanced dynamism since they are usable in a broad spectrum of woodworking activities. Moreover, these types of sanders normally have a one-handed palm grip setting or a pressure sensitive adhesive pad that is highly affordable. These types of sanders are also compact sized, easy to control and silent in operation. These tools make the best choice for most novice woodworks since they are less likely to lead to damaged wood. However while orbital sanders won’t make the cut for heavyweight woodworking jobs, they are ideal for smooth wood sanding and eliminating sharp edges as well.

Orbital sanders are sometimes referred to as quarter sheet sanders since they can accommodate one-quarter of the standard sized sandpaper design. To specific, dual spring-loaded clamps are used to hold the paper against the Sanders square pad while the pad vibrates in a circular motion thus conveniently allowing the user to sand in any direction. Most orbital sanders models come with sandpaper disks along with integrated discs that are sentient to the directions of the particular wood type. This type of functionality makes it ideal for sanding pieces of wood that are kept typically fastened in the right-hand position. In most cases, the discs are integrated into the system by using either the prevalent hook and loop system or perhaps the use of pressure tracking adhesives. Other more technical models come combined with a dust collection functionality, that siphons the woodworking dust into a unique compartment for later dumping.

Belt Sanders

Belt Sanders

If you are a woodworker that requires power and speed, belt sanders are the fastest and most reliable means of smoothing a large section of door material in a short duration. Most belt sanders work by using a sandpaper belt that rotates around two circular units and rums that are located at either end of the machine. Therefore, materials such as metal, wood or even polythene based products can be worked with the ultimate convenience. For the most part, these sanders come in ergonomically sized models that are easy and convenient when coming up with a unique design for your given project. When smothering large and flat surfaces, particularly the abrasive ones, no machine compares to the immense speed of the belt sander. It’s a massive tool that features sanding belts that are continuous circles of durable pads that adorn the cylindrical drums that are common in belt sanders. This equipment also comes with a rear drum that rotates freely and a tension release lever that allows the user to engage the belt on the drum section.

When using belt sanders on flat boards, always perform the sanding in a parallel manner to the wood grain section to mitigate the likelihood of scratches and to control the motions of the sander such that you don’t create a low spot. Users can also use belt sanders to smoother the remote sections of a piece of woodwork such as the edges. Such a type of technique is referred to as gang sanding and is beneficial when it comes to time saving, and it is also ideal for novice Sanders as well. Non-moving belt sanders can be utilized in the elimination of non-ferrous material, such as steel. These types of material tend to get lodged in the grinding wheels, thus making them unusable for grinding soft materials. Since the small holes that are placed on the sandpaper expand as they move in a circular motion on the drive wheel, belt sanders are less likely to malfunction due to lodged particles.


All things considered, the different types of electric sanders for woodworking comprise of various feature sets to accommodate the unique needs of the end user. However, before settling for a unit that embodies your values, it is important that you learn about these various types of tools and how they operate as well.


One Response

  1. Dorian Plew August 20, 2018

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